Acute chronic sinusitis Treatment, Causes and Symptoms
- By Admin
- 03 December 2019
What is Sinusitis?
"Sinusitis" is the condition when your sinuses get inflamed, red, and swollen because of an infection or another problem. It occurs when the sinuses and nasal passages become inflamed. The most common symptoms of any sinusitis are pain, and the location depends on which sinus is affected.
In addition to the pain, individuals who are suffering from sinusitis (acute or chronic) often have thick nasal discharges that are white, yellowish, greenish, or blood-tinged. In some cases, these discharges drain in the back of the throat and are very difficult to clear. This condition is known as “post-nasal drip.” Additionally, cases of acute and chronic sinusitis are accompanied by a stuffy nose and by an overall feeling of fullness over the entire face.
There are several types of sinusitis. Acute, which lasts up to four weeks. Sub-acute, which persists for 4 to 12 weeks. Chronic sinusitis lasts for more than 12 weeks and can continue for months or even years. Recurrent sinusitis is another type, which means the patient has several attacks within a year. But what is baffling is why only some people are prone to this condition while others are relatively unaffected. To get a clear idea about this, we need to know how it is caused.
Causes and Symptoms of Sinusitis
Sinus infection is mainly caused by viruses. It is commonly presumed that bacteria cause sinus infections, but the truth is that bacteria rarely cause sinus infections. Any other causes of sinusitis can be associated with allergies caused by pollutants like airborne chemicals or irritants. Sinusitis can also be caused by fungal infections.
Genetically, structural problems within the nasal cavity have led to sinusitis in many people. Such structural discrepancies are not perceived to be a threat during the early stages of life but on a later date become reasons for sinusitis.
A weak immune system is one of the reasons for sinusitis. However, weak immune systems result in other health problems for the individuals as well.
When it comes to addressing the various types of sinusitis, the first medical condition that most individuals suffer from is acute sinusitis or chronic sinusitis. Both acute and chronic sinusitis are common conditions associated with significant morbidity. Acute chronic sinusitis is caused by an infectious process and can be tough to differentiate from a viral upper respiratory infection, as signs, symptoms, and even the results of most diagnostic tests overlap.
In contrast, chronic sinusitis is an inflammatory disease, and contrary to common practice, long term antibiotics are likely not useful. The diagnosis and treatment of both acute and chronic sinusitis are subjects that require professional medical intervention.
Rhinosinusitis is yet another condition that occurs when the lining of the sinuses gets infected or irritated, become swollen, and creates extra mucus. The swollen lining may also inhibit with drainage of mucus. However, chronic rhinosinusitis refers to a condition that lasts at least 12 weeks, despite being treated. The symptoms of rhinosinusitis can range from nasal congestion to mucus discretion from the nose or mucus that drops down the back of the throat. Rhino sinusitis may also result in facial pain, pressure, or fullness. Most individuals suffering from rhinosinusitis have a decreased sense of smell.
Treatment for Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis is quite unlike the more common form of rhinosinusitis called acute rhinosinusitis, which is a provisional infection of the sinuses that often occurs following colds. Chronic rhinosinusitis is a more persistent problem, which requires a specific treatment approach. Both patients and doctors sometimes overlook it because the symptoms are more low-grade and chronic.
If your nose is stuffy, you have thick, yellowish discharge from the nose, or you are coughing, and you feel tired and achy, or you think that you have a cold, you take medications to relieve your symptoms, but they don’t work. When you get a severe headache, you finally consult to the doctor. After attending to your history of symptoms and probing your face and forehead, the ENT doctor says you have sinusitis.
If you are treated for rhinosinusitis with antibiotics several times within a single year talk to sinusitis specialists at MagnasV ENT Hospital, which is the best ENT Hospital in Hyderabad about whether you might have chronic rhinosinusitis and they can help you achieve successful treatment.
Most cases of rhinosinusitis involve more than one of the paranasal sinuses, most commonly the maxillary and ethmoid sinuses. Isolated infection of the frontal or sphenoid sinus is a rare and potentially dangerous condition. In adults, the maxillary sinuses are most frequently infected by acute and chronic sinusitis. Most of these conditions can be treated with medications alone. When medical management fails, sinus surgery may be needed to treat chronic maxillary sinusitis. In case the patient needs sinus surgery, minimally invasive methods that are pain-free are used to permanently address the problem by the best ENT surgeon in Hyderabad at MagnasV ENT Hospital.